Who founded the Fort William College and why?

Fort William College (also known as the College of Fort William ) was an academy of oriental studies and a centre of learning, founded on 10 July 1800 by Lord Wellesley, then Governor-General of British India, located within the Fort William complex in Calcutta.

Who founded Fort William?

Calcutta was founded on the mud flats of Hooghly River, a tributary of the Ganges, by the English merchant Job Charnock in 1690. After 1696, Fort William was constructed under the supervision of John Goldsborough.

Who was the first principal of Fort William College?

Fort William College Gilchrist served as the first principal of the college until 1804, and through the personal patronage of Wellesley received a generous salary of 1500 rupees a month, or about £1800 per year (about £180,000 in present-day terms).

Why was Wellesley built in Fort William?

Fort William College was founded on 10 July 1800 in Kolkata, British India and it’s established by Lord Wellesley. The main purpose of establishing this college was to be to teach Indian Languages to British officers to make the administration smooth and swift.

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Why did Wellesley built Fort William?

Within the campus of the Fort William, he founded Fort Williams College on 10 July 1800. The idea was to teach the British rookies understand the Oriental culture, tradition, law and administration to better coordinate in the “governance”.

Why did British fortify Calcutta?

Siraj-ud-Daulah ordered the British to pay taxes to him like all other Indian merchants. The British refused to do so. This angered the young nawab. In anticipation of a war Page 5 with the French, who had a trading settlement in Chandemagore, the British began to fortify Calcutta.

How old is Fort William?

The Fort in Fort William was first built by Cromwell’s forces in 1654 to pacify the local Clans, especially the Camerons. It was first known as the Garrison of Inverlochy and was just a wooden stockade on an earth bank protecting 250 troops.

Why is it called the Black Hole of Calcutta?

Fort William was established to protect the East India Company’s trade in the city of Calcutta, the principal city of the Bengal Presidency. The English officers and merchants based in Kolkata were rounded up by the forces loyal to Siraj ud-Daulah and forced into a dungeon known as the ” Black Hole “.

Who was the head of the Bangla department at the College of Fort William?

Carey was appointed as the head of the’ department of Bengali at the fort william college on 4 May, 1801. With the help of native scholars, Carey soon produced some Bengali textbooks for classroom purpose.

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How many Fort William are there in India?

There are two Fort Williams. The original fort was built in the year 1696 by the British East India Company under the orders of Sir John Goldsborough which took a decade to complete. The permission was granted by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

Who wrote Hindustani?

Many argue that Amir Khusrau created the style in the late 14th century. This form was popularized by Mughal Emperor Mohammad Shah through his court musicians; some well-known composers of this period were Sadarang, Adarang, and Manrang.

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