Why Wellesley established the Fort William College at Calcutta?

Wellesley felt that both academic and moral training were necessary to make the new arrivals capable of facing the challenge of governing an alien people. Thus he set up the College of Fort William, Calcutta in 1800.

Who is the first principal of Fort William College?

Fort William College Gilchrist served as the first principal of the college until 1804, and through the personal patronage of Wellesley received a generous salary of 1500 rupees a month, or about £1800 per year (about £180,000 in present-day terms).

Who was the first president of Fort William of Calcutta?

Sir Charles Eyre (died 1729) was an administrator of the British East India Company and founder of Fort William, Calcutta. He was a President of Fort William.

Charles Eyre
Died 1729 Calcutta
Resting place St. Anne Churchyard, Kew, England
Occupation Colonial Administrator
Known for President of Fort William

Who founded the Fort William College and why?

Fort William College (also known as the College of Fort William ) was an academy of oriental studies and a centre of learning, founded on 10 July 1800 by Lord Wellesley, then Governor-General of British India, located within the Fort William complex in Calcutta.

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Who was the head of the Bangla department at the College of Fort William?

Carey was appointed as the head of the’ department of Bengali at the fort william college on 4 May, 1801. With the help of native scholars, Carey soon produced some Bengali textbooks for classroom purpose.

How many Fort William are there in India?

There are two Fort Williams. The original fort was built in the year 1696 by the British East India Company under the orders of Sir John Goldsborough which took a decade to complete. The permission was granted by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

Who established Hindu College?

… Ram Mohun Roy, founded the Hindu College in Calcutta, the alumni of which established a large number of English schools all over Bengal. The demand for English education in Bengal thus preceded by 20 years any government action in that direction.

Who was the pioneer of Bengal renaissance?

The renaissance was centred in Kolkata (Calcutta) and led by Ram Mohan Roy (1772–1833); its luminary poet, Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941), composed the national anthems of both India and Bangladesh and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.…

Why did British fortify Calcutta?

Siraj-ud-Daulah ordered the British to pay taxes to him like all other Indian merchants. The British refused to do so. This angered the young nawab. In anticipation of a war Page 5 with the French, who had a trading settlement in Chandemagore, the British began to fortify Calcutta.

How old is Fort William?

The Fort in Fort William was first built by Cromwell’s forces in 1654 to pacify the local Clans, especially the Camerons. It was first known as the Garrison of Inverlochy and was just a wooden stockade on an earth bank protecting 250 troops.

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What was Fort William originally called?

The settlement that grew around it was called Maryburgh, after his wife Mary II of England. This settlement was later renamed Gordonsburgh, and then Duncansburgh before being renamed Fort William, this time after Prince William, Duke of Cumberland; known to some Scots as “Butcher Cumberland”.

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